consequentialism vs deontology

It focuses on identifying the moral conduct through which the right actions can be carried out and happiness can be maximized. There are different forms of consequentialism; utilitarianism and hedonism are two such main forms. Subtle DistinctionAccording to American philosopher John Rawls, under deontology, an action is right if it is good and vice versa. Hedonism, in contrast, states something is good if its results produce pleasure or avoid pain. date: 26 November 2020. In fact, the name ‘deontological’ originated from the Greek word deon, which refers to duty. Deontology and consequentialism are two contrasting, normative ethical theories that determine the morality of an action. Consequentialists state that maximum happiness achieved is what is good; the actions that maximize this good are right. We've created informative articles that you can come back to again and again when you have questions or want to learn more! DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199233625.003.0008, Introduction: British Ethical Theorists from Sidgwick to Ewing, 8 Act-Consequentialism, Pluralist Deontology, 11 Self-Benefit, Distribution, Punishment, British Ethical Theorists from Sidgwick to Ewing, 6 Moral Truths: Underivative and Derived, 8 Act-Consequentialism, Pluralist Deontology, 11 Self-Benefit, Distribution, Punishment. Consequentialism is morality based on consequences. But opting out of some of these cookies may have an effect on your browsing experience. You could not be signed in, please check and try again. . Furthermore, the more good results an act produces, the better or more right that act will be. We also use third-party cookies that help us analyze and understand how you use this website. They clash because each offers a different approach to determining “right” from “wrong.” Users without a subscription are not able to see the full content. It does not consider following the set laws when performing an action, nor does it consider the action results. Whereas, consequentialism focuses on the consequences of the action. consequentialism, utilitarianism, deontology, benevolence, non-maleficence, promises, punishment, Henry Sidgwick, H.A. Consequentialism focuses on the consequences or results of an action. Consequentialism and Deontological theories are two of the main theories in ethics. FAQs These opinions can differ from person to person. Consequentialism, deontology, and virtue ethics are moral theories that evaluate morality on the basis of different factors. Deontology is a normative ethical theory that focuses on the rightness or wrongness of actions themselves, instead of focusing its consequences or any other considerations. It explores what Ross did and did not mean by saying consequentialism ‘ignores the highly personal character of duty’. What is Consequentialism    – Definition, Characteristics, Focus3. According to the definition of deontology in ethics, it focuses more on obligation, duty, or ideal expectations. All Rights Reserved. Like its previously-mentioned counterpart, it focuses on conduct, but there is a minor difference between deontology and consequentialism in this case. There have been many criticisms of virtue ethics due to the absence of a rational experience. For instance, consider an individual who is the bank manager, and his own son has been caught in the act of robbing the bank. What is the Difference Between Deontology and Consequentialism, Difference Between Deontology and Consequentialism. To troubleshoot, please check our Morality is a rather controversial topic and invites several philosophical debates. Home » Public » People » Philosophy » What is the Difference Between Deontology and Consequentialism. It is his duty to provide a better shelter for his family, and it is also his duty to save his son’s life. Deontology is associated with philosopher Immanuel Kant, who believed that ethical actions follow universal moral laws. Thus, according to consequentialism, a morally right act is an act that will produce good results. According to this theory, people have to do the right action, even if it brings bad results. Deontology and consequentialism are two contrasting normative ethical theories that determine the morality of an action. In this way, consequentialism ethics provide criteria for the moral evaluation of actions, while also recommending rules or decision-making criteria for future actions. In short, deontology is a non-consequential theory since the goodness or badness of an action in this theory does not depend on its consequences. Virtue ethics state that the man must be ideal and righteous and moral, and have the criminal punished despite the fact that he is his son. Subscribe for free: Every Friday I send a short newsle… These cookies will be stored in your browser only with your consent. The consequentialist philosophy might require that the interest of someone is sacrificed for something better. The focus is on getting what is good, and getting what you want. As mentioned earlier, this theory solely focuses on ideals. Thus, this theory simply requires people to follow rules and do their duty. We'll assume you're ok with this, but you can opt-out if you wish. Public users can however freely search the site and view the abstracts and keywords for each book and chapter. Our site includes quite a bit of content, so if you're having an issue finding what you're looking for, go on ahead and use that search feature there! Immanuel Kant, a famous deontologist, is considered to have formulated modern deontological ethics, which stresses on the fact that the morality of a person is dependent on how well he fulfills his duties and obligations. This website uses cookies to improve your experience. For instance, consider that a man has saved enough money to buy a house for his family, but has to deal with an unfortunate situation when his son meets with an accident. The main difference between deontology and consequentialism is that deontology focuses on the rightness or wrongness of actions themselves. Necessary cookies are absolutely essential for the website to function properly. The term was originally coined in the essay titled “Moral Modern Philosophy”, by G.E.M. Out of these cookies, the cookies that are categorized as necessary are stored on your browser as they are essential for the working of basic functionalities of the website. From a neutral perspective, however, it would be better to tell him the truth, despite the fact that it might be considered cruel for many, because he would at least get a chance to say goodbye, to do the things he hadn’t done so far. Deontologists state that the right action performed or the state of affairs that led to the right action are good, while the fact that the action was done in accordance with the set rules is right. The main difference between deontology and consequentialism is that deontology focuses on the rightness or wrongness of actions themselves. We hope you enjoy this website. Of these, consequentialism determines the rightness or wrongness of actions by examining its consequences. 1. The central question in both these cases is, ‘What you ought to do?’ That is to say, the question focuses what you should do, rather than what you want to do, or whether you should do what you feel like. “Deontology.” Ethics Unwrapped, Available here. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use.

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